The Theories of Charles Darwin
By David Cox
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This tract can be freely copied for non-profit purposes.
Evolution did not begin with Darwin but with the Greeks. The biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1809) proposed the foundations that Darwin later made popular. Lamarck believed in the existence of a force in each being that pushed it to be more complex, and that the parents could pass the abilities and qualities that they learned on to their children so that their children would be benefited. When the 20th century science discovered DNA and began to study it, Larmarck’s theories were concluded to be impossible from a genetic viewpoint. The giraffe’s long neck used to eat from the tops of trees could not genetically be passed to its descendents according to science. Any benefit or detriment from a bodily character is not transferred to the being’s descendents.
Evolution says that it took 3.8 billion years, and that organisms began simple, then later changed and formed complex multiple cells, always moving from the simple to the complex. It teaches that there are two principles that control this process in order to achieve the simple to the complex goal: (1) Natural selection, and (2) mutations. But neither natural selection nor mutations produce any beneficial thing to a species that results in a permanent character trait that stays with the creature’s descendents for generations.